Water Discharge and River Depth Measurement Using Fuzzy Logic Based on Internet of Things

Debit Air dan Pengukuran Kedalaman Sungai Menggunakan Fuzzy Logic Berbasis Internet of Things

  • Kurnia Wisuda Aji Universitas Telkom
  • Aji Gautama Putrada Universitas Telkom
  • Sidik Prabowo Universitas Telkom
  • Mas'ud Adhi Saputra Balai Besar Bahan dan Barang Teknik, Kementerian Perindustrian
Keywords: water discharge, river depth, fuzzy logic, internet of things

Abstract

Based on statistics from Indonesian National Board for Disaster Management (BNPB) there are still many casualties caused by drifting or drowning in rivers every year. This is because most victims do not have sufficient information related to water discharge and river depth. In an effort to reduce the potential victims of these problems, a prototype was designed to provide a warning regarding river status as a display in the detail condition of the river in real-time. In this research, a prototype measuring instrument was produced that could provide information on water discharge and river depth in a sustainable and real-time manner. The prototype device consists of two main sensors as an implementation of internet of things, a water flow sensor and an ultrasonic sensor. Water flow sensor used to calculate the water discharge, and ultrasonic sensor used to measure depth of the river. Fuzzy logic has been used because it can work well for simple classification and work similarly like human reasoning. This information can be monitored through the website and LCD attached on the device. The results of the study with the help of the Linear Congruential Generator (LCG) method indicated that greater input value of the water discharge and the river depth caused more dangerous of the river status. Whereas the prototype produced has an error range of 5-6 cm for depth information generated by the ultrasonic sensor while the accuracy of the water flow sensor on the master device is 79.75% and the slave device is 84%.

 

Downloads

Download data is not yet available.

References

M. Maliki, D. Afandi and A. Kasry, "Gambaran Diatomae Pada Perairan Muara Sungai Rokan Kecamatan Bangko dan Kecamatan Batu Hampar Kabupaten Rokan Hilir Sebagai Diagnosis Penunjang Identifikasi Lokasi Korban Mati Tenggelam," Jurnal Online Mahasiswa Fakultas Kedokteran, vol. 1, no. 1, pp. 35-49, February 2014.

R. Fikri, B. P. Lapanporo and M. I. Jumarang, "Rancang Bangun Sistem Monitoring Ketinggian Permukaan Air Menggunakan Mikrokontroler ATMEGA328P Berbasis Web Service," Positron, vol. 5, no. 2, pp. 42-48, November 2015.

V. Susilo, V. C. Poekoel and P. D. Manembu, "Rancang Bangun Sistem Pengukuran Kedalaman Sungai," Jurnal Teknik Elektro dan Komputer, vol. 4, no. 4, pp. 1-6, 2015.

S. Sadi and I. S. Putra, "Rancang Bangun Monitoring Ketinggian Air dan Sistem Kontrol Pada Pintu Air Berbasis Arduino dan SMS Gateway," Jurnal Teknik, vol. 7, no. 1, pp. 77-91, June 2018.

A. Finawan and A. Mardiyanto, "Pengukuran Debit Air Berbasis Mikrokontroler AT89S51," Jurnal Litek, vol. 8, no. 1, pp. 28-31, March 2011.

Y. Wang, "Development of Multi-path Ultrasonic Flow Meter Based on Embedded System," in IEEE International Conference on Control and Automation (ICCA), Xiamen, 2010.

F. Rohman, "Prototype Alat Pengukur Kecepatan Aliran dan Debit Air (Flowmeter) Dengan Tampilan Digital," Universitas Gunadarma, Depok, 2014.

J. Niittymaki and M. Pursula, "Signal Control Using Fuzzy Logic," Fuzzy Sets and Systems, vol. 116, no. 1, pp. 11-22, 2000.

A. J. Saputra, B. Erfianto, M. A. Saputra, S. Prabowo and N. A. Suwastika, "Implementasi Fuzzy Logic Control pada Pelacakan Panel Surya," Jurnal Teknologi Bahan dan Barang Teknik, vol. 9, no. 1, pp. 25-32, June 2019.

"Arduino Mega2560," ARDUINO, 11 January 2017. [Online]. Available: https://www.arduino.cc/en/Guide/ArduinoMega2560.

"Arduino Nano," ARDUINO, 19 February 2018. [Online]. Available: https://www.arduino.cc/en/Guide/ArduinoNano.

W. Storr, "Light Sensor including Photocell and LDR Sensor," Electronics Tutorials, 2013. [Online]. Available: https://www.electronics-tutorials.ws/io/io_4.html.

P. Marian, "HC-SR04 Datasheet," Electro Schematics, 2016. [Online]. Available: https://www.electroschematics.com/hc-sr04-datasheet/.

"NEO-6 u-blox 6 GPS Modules Data Sheet," u-blox, [Online]. Available: https://www.u-blox.com/sites/default/files/products/documents/NEO-6_DataSheet_%28GPS.G6-HW-09005%29.pdf.

"Wemos D1 mini," WEMOS, 2019. [Online]. Available: https://www.wemos.cc/en/latest/d1/d1_mini.html#.

"NodeMCU," Wikipedia, 19 April 2020. [Online]. Available: https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/NodeMCU.

Badaruddin, "Panduan Praktikum Debit Air," Universitas Lambung Mangkurat, February 2017. [Online]. Available: http://eprints.ulm.ac.id/2379/1/Panduan%20praktek%20Debit%20Air.pdf.

Badan Standardisasi Nasional, "SNI 8066:2015 Tata Cara Pengukuran Debit Aliran Sungai dan Saluran Terbuka Menggunakan Alat Ukur Arus dan Pelampung," 2015. [Online]. Available: http://sni.litbang.pu.go.id/image/sni/isi/sni-8066--2015.pdf.

"Linear Congruential Generator," Wikipedia, 27 March 2020. [Online]. Available: https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Linear_congruential_generator.

"Fuzzy Logic," Wikipedia, 17 April 2020. [Online]. Available: https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Fuzzy_logic.

Published
2020-06-20
How to Cite
Aji, K. W., Putrada, A. G., Prabowo, S., & Saputra, M. A. (2020). Water Discharge and River Depth Measurement Using Fuzzy Logic Based on Internet of Things. Jurnal RESTI (Rekayasa Sistem Dan Teknologi Informasi), 4(3), 384 - 391. https://doi.org/10.29207/resti.v4i3.1785
Section
Artikel Teknologi Informasi