A Comparative Study of HTTP and MQTT for IoT Applications in Hydroponics

Keywords: hydroponics, IoT, web service, MQTT, HTTP


Hydroponics is based on nutrients in water. It must be regularly monitored to prevent plant defects. The Internet of Things has become a solution for remote hydroponic monitoring and is currently being tested on Kelompok Wanita Tani (KWT) Yuan Hidroponik. This system will send data every minute, and each data has a possibility of loss in transmission. There is a chance that this system will be implemented in other hydroponic organizations. As more devices are involved, it will impact server resources. This research will compare message queue telemetry transport (MQTT) and hypertext transfer protocol (HTTP) as popular protocols used in IoT. A test with increasing clients shows that at 50 clients HTTP needs 87% CPU while MQTT needs 22.63% CPU. A test with increasing payload shows that at 10,000 payload HTTP needs 94% CPU while MQTT needs 28.35% CPU. A test with fixed clients and payloads shows that HTTP has a CPU limit based on the clients involved. A transfer time test shows that HTTP needs 177.344 seconds, while MQTT needs 3.24 seconds. An acceptance rate is calculated by incrementing the count for every incoming payload. It shows that HTTP can receive 30,000 payloads, unlike MQTT which can only receive 1680 payloads before losses.


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How to Cite
Nugraha, I. R., Putra, W. H. N., & Setiawan, E. (2024). A Comparative Study of HTTP and MQTT for IoT Applications in Hydroponics. Jurnal RESTI (Rekayasa Sistem Dan Teknologi Informasi), 8(1), 119 - 126. https://doi.org/10.29207/resti.v8i1.5561
Information Systems Engineering Articles