Sistem Pendistribusian Air Bersih Metode Prabayar Terkendali Mikrokontroler Berbasis IoT

Prepaid Water Distribution System Controlled by Microcontroller Based on IoT

  • Efrizon Politeknik Negeri Padang
  • Muhammad Irmansyah Politeknik Negeri Padang
  • Anggara Nasution Politeknik Negeri Padang
  • Era Madona Politeknik Negeri Padang
  • Anggi Lifya Rani Politeknik Negeri Padang
Keywords: PDAM, Water Flow Sensor, Microcontroller, ESP8266, IoT


A number of problems sometimes often arise regarding the flow of clean water from Regional Drinking Water Companies (PDAMs) to customers, such as the flow of water stops suddenly or there is no water at all, so it is necessary to manufacture a prototype system for monitoring the distribution of clean water with a microcontroller-controlled prepaid method. IoT based. The distribution of PDAM water that is channeled to consumers can be monitored online through the Internet network. The objectives of this research are (a) to make a prototype (prototype) of a prepaid clean water distribution system controlled by a microcontroller based on IoT, (b) to program an Arduino IDE-assisted system, and (c) to measure system performance. The research method starts from making a prototype physical form of clean water distribution assisted by a microcontroller, programming the microcontroller and Wi-Fi module, and measuring system performance. The results of measuring system performance are indicated by an error in the ultrasonic sensor reading HC-SR04 that occurs when the water level is low and too high with a maximum measured water level of 95%. The error when measuring the waterflow sensor at the water level is lower than 49% which is influenced by the water speed from the low pressure pump when the water level is below that value. The accuracy level of the waterflow sensor is 96.96% which is based on the sensor measurement results which are compared to the measurement results with a measuring cup. The system can monitor data readings from the waterflow sensor by using the NodeMCU ESP8266 on a web server from Thinkspeak via the smartphone screen. Overall the tool can function well


Download data is not yet available.


M. H. Miraz, M. Ali, P. S. Excell, and R. Picking, “A review on Internet of Things (IoT), Internet of Everything (IoE) and Internet of Nano Things (IoNT),” 2015 Internet Technol. Appl. ITA 2015 - Proc. 6th Int. Conf., pp. 219–224, 2015, doi: 10.1109/ITechA.2015.7317398.

M. S. Farooq, S. Riaz, A. Abid, K. Abid, and M. A. Naeem, “A Survey on the Role of IoT in Agriculture for the Implementation of Smart Farming,” IEEE Access, vol. 7, pp. 156237–156271, 2019, doi: 10.1109/ACCESS.2019.2949703.

S. M. R. Islam, D. Kwak, M. H. Kabir, M. Hossain, and K. S. Kwak, “The internet of things for health care: A comprehensive survey,” IEEE Access, vol. 3, pp. 678–708, 2015, doi: 10.1109/ACCESS.2015.2437951.

M. Irmansyah, E. Efrizon, E. Madona, and R. Putra, “Perancangan Sistim Monitoring Parkir Mobil Berbasis Web,” Elektron J. Ilm., vol. 10, no. 2, pp. 11–14, 2018, doi: 10.30630/eji.10.2.72.

F. Christoulakis and K. Thramboulidis, “IoT-based integration of IEC 61131 industrial automation systems: The case of UML4IoT,” IEEE Int. Symp. Ind. Electron., vol. 2016-November, pp. 322–327, 2016, doi: 10.1109/ISIE.2016.7744911.

M. A. Ali, A. H. Miry, and T. M. Salman, “IoT Based Water Tank Level Control System Using PLC,” Proc. 2020 Int. Conf. Comput. Sci. Softw. Eng. CSASE 2020, pp. 7–12, 2020, doi: 10.1109/CSASE48920.2020.9142067.

S. R. Prathibha, A. Hongal, and M. P. Jyothi, “IOT Based Monitoring System in Smart Agriculture,” Proc. - 2017 Int. Conf. Recent Adv. Electron. Commun. Technol. ICRAECT 2017, pp. 81–84, 2017, doi: 10.1109/ICRAECT.2017.52.

A. E. U. Salam, Muh, Tola, M. Selintung, and F. Maricar, “Web based real time water pressure monitoring system,” Int. Conf. Electr. Eng. Comput. Sci. Informatics, vol. 1, no. August, pp. 223–227, 2014, doi: 10.11591/eecsi.1.406.

J. G. Natividad and T. D. Palaoag, “IoT based model for monitoring and controlling water distribution,” IOP Conf. Ser. Mater. Sci. Eng., vol. 482, no. 1, pp. 0–6, 2019, doi: 10.1088/1757-899X/482/1/012045.

L. Devy, Y. Antonisfia, M. Febrina, and S. Suryadi, “Sistem Pengendalian dan Monitoring Distribusi Air Berbasis Nodemcu 8266,” Elektron J. Ilm., vol. 12, no. 1, pp. 16–23, 2020, doi: 10.30630/eji.12.1.153.

S. Shankar and M. Dakshayini, “IoT-Mobile Enabled Smart Water Level Controlling System to Regulate Water Wastage,” 2018 Int. Conf. Adv. Comput. Commun. Informatics, ICACCI 2018, pp. 2045–2048, 2018, doi: 10.1109/ICACCI.2018.8554373.

R. Wahyuni, J. T. Sentana, M. Muhardi, and Y. Irawan, “Water Level Control Monitoring Based On Arduino Uno R3 Atmega 238p Using Lm016l LCD at STMIK Hang Tuah Pekanbaru,” J. Robot. Control, vol. 2, no. 4, pp. 265–269, 2021, doi: 10.18196/jrc.2489.

R. Triady and D. Triyanto, “Prototipe Sistem Keran Air Otomatis Berbasis Sensor Flowmeter pada Gedung Bertingkat,” J. Coding Sist. Komput. Untan, vol. 03, no. 3, pp. 25–34, 2015.

M. Baszynski and S. Pirog, “Unipolar Modulation for a BLDC Motor with Simultaneously Switching of Two Transistors with Closed Loop Control for Four-Quadrant Operation,” IEEE Trans. Ind. Informatics, vol. 14, no. 1, pp. 146–155, 2018, doi: 10.1109/TII.2017.2723962.

D. B. Perkasa, T. Andromeda, and M. A. Riyadi, “Perancangan Perangkat Keras Alat Uji Bipolar Junction Transistor Berbasis Mikrokontroler,” Transmisi, vol. 21, no. 1, p. 19, 2019, doi: 10.14710/transmisi.21.1.19-24.

Indoware, “Ultrasonic Ranging Module HC - SR04,” Datasheet, pp. 1–4, 2013, [Online]. Available:

W.A. Akbar dan H.H. Rachmat. “Rancang Bangun Sistem Pengukur Massa Tubuh dan Panjang Badan Elektronik Terintegrasi untuk Evaluasi Gizi Balita,” ELKOMIKA J. Tek. Energi Elektr. Tek. Telekomun. Tek. Elektron., vol. 6, no. 1, p. 125, 2018, doi: 10.26760/elkomika v6i1.125

How to Cite
Efrizon, Irmansyah, M., Nasution, A., Era Madona, & Anggi Lifya Rani. (2021). Sistem Pendistribusian Air Bersih Metode Prabayar Terkendali Mikrokontroler Berbasis IoT. Jurnal RESTI (Rekayasa Sistem Dan Teknologi Informasi), 5(6), 1025 - 1035.
Artikel Rekayasa Sistem Informasi