Predicting The Number of Tourists Based on Backpropagation Algorithm

  • Dwi Marlina Electronics and Informatics Engineering Education, Postgraduate Program, Yogyakarta State University https://orcid.org/0000-0003-3538-692X
  • Fatchul Arifin Electronics and Informatics Engineering Education, Postgraduate Program, Yogyakarta State University
Keywords: Artificial Neural Networks, Backpropagation Algorithm, Prediction, Tourist

Abstract

The number of tourists always fluctuates every month, as happened in Kaliadem Merapi, Sleman. The purpose of this research is to develop a prediction system for the number of tourists based on artificial neural networks. This study uses an artificial neural network for data processing methods with the backpropagation algorithm. This study carried out two processes, namely the training process and the testing process with stages consisting of: (1) Collecting input and target data, (2) Normalizing input and target data, (3) Creating artificial neural network architecture by utilizing GUI (Graphical User Interface) Matlab facilities. (4) Conducting training and testing processes, (5) Normalizing predictive data, (6) Analysis of predictive data. In the data analysis, the MSE (Mean Squared Error) value in the training process is 0.0091528 and in the testing process is 0.0051424. Besides, the validity value of predictive accuracy in the testing process is around 91.32%. The resulting MSE (Mean Squared Error) value is relatively small, and the validity value of prediction accuracy is relatively high, so this system can be used to predict the number of tourists in Kaliadem Merapi, Sleman.

 

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Published
2021-06-19
How to Cite
Dwi Marlina, & Fatchul Arifin. (2021). Predicting The Number of Tourists Based on Backpropagation Algorithm. Jurnal RESTI (Rekayasa Sistem Dan Teknologi Informasi), 5(3), 439 - 445. https://doi.org/10.29207/resti.v5i3.3061
Section
Artikel Rekayasa Sistem Informasi