Arsitektur Moisture Meter dengan Capacitive Sensing dan Serverless IoT Untuk Hidroponik Fertigasi
The current agricultural systems generally uses chemical fertilizers as a growth booster in order to meet the global food needs of 7 billion people and all of their livestock. But unfortunately not all are aware of the great danger behind such an overuse, unmetered application of chemical fertilizers, freely in an open field for the survival of the planet and its population. Thanks to technological advances, especially in the field of instrumentation and communication technology, the problem of increasing efficiency and avoiding such overuse should be minimized properly. In this study, the researchers tried to apply capacitive moisture sensor technology and serverless Internet of Things to the moisture meter instrument in the hydroponic drip fertigation system with roasted husk planting media. Capactive sensor technology has the advantage of corrosion resistance when applied to planting media containing high humidity and low alkalinity. By using a serverless IoT architecture, it is possible to monitor from anywhere via the internet, without involving complicated and expensive infrastructure. Based on the results of the prototype testing, it is known that the instruments built can work properly. The results of monitoring system conditions such as temperature and free heap appear stable. The reading results of the two sensors also run steadily, without fluctuations and variations in the reading that exceed 5%. The process of remote monitoring and data logging to serverless IoT is monitored to be stable with a data recording success rate of 99.8%.
E. MacArthur, “Cities and Circular Economy for Food,” Ellen MacArthur Found., pp. 1–66, 2019
W. Willett et al., “Food in the Anthropocene: the EAT–Lancet Commission on healthy diets from sustainable food systems,” Lancet, vol. 393, no. 10170, pp. 447–492, 2019.
B. M. Campbell et al., “Agriculture production as a major driver of the earth system exceeding planetary boundaries,” Ecol. Soc., vol. 22, no. 4, 2017.
J. A. Velazquez and I. Negrutiu, “Agriculture and global physicochemical deregulation: planetary boundaries that challenge planetary health,” Lancet Planet. Heal., vol. 3, no. 1, pp. e10–e11, 2019.
F. Zulfiqar, M. Navarro, M. Ashraf, N. A. Akram, and S. Munné-Bosch, “Nanofertilizer use for sustainable agriculture: Advantages and limitations,” Plant Sci., vol. 289, no. August, 2019.
R. F. Maia, I. Netto, and A. L. H. Tran, “Precision agriculture using remote monitoring systems in Brazil,” GHTC 2017 - IEEE Glob. Humanit. Technol. Conf. Proc., vol. 2017-Janua, pp. 1–6, 2017.
W. Goodman and J. Minner, “Will the urban agricultural revolution be vertical and soilless? A case study of controlled environment agriculture in New York City,” Land use policy, vol. 83, pp. 160–173, 2019.
D. Murugan, A. Garg, and D. Singh, “Development of an Adaptive Approach for Precision Agriculture Monitoring with Drone and Satellite Data,” IEEE J. Sel. Top. Appl. Earth Obs. Remote Sens., vol. 10, no. 12, pp. 5322–5328, 2017.
N. Bakhtar, V. Chhabria, I. Chougle, H. Vidhrani, and R. Hande, “IoT based hydroponic farm,” Proc. Int. Conf. Smart Syst. Inven. Technol. ICSSIT 2018, no. Icssit, pp. 205–209, 2018.
A. Alshrouf, “Hydroponics , Aeroponic and Aquaponic as Compared with Conventional Farming,” vol. 27, no. 1, pp. 247–255, 2017.
N. Lin, X. Wang, Y. Zhang, X. Hu, and J. Ruan, “Fertigation management for sustainable precision agriculture based on Internet of Things,” J. Clean. Prod., p. 124119, 2020.
W. Cho, H. Kim, D. Jung, D. Kim, T. In, and J. Son, “On-site ion monitoring system for precision hydroponic nutrient management,” Comput. Electron. Agric., vol. 146, pp. 51–58, 2018.
S. R. Evett and R. C. Schwartz, “Discussion of Soil Moisture Measurements : Comparison of Instrumentation Performances”, 2011.
T. V. Gour, Mahesh S., Reddy, Vittal., Vamsi, M., Sridhar, M., Vishuvardhan., Ram, “IoT based Farming Techniques in Indoor Environment: A Brief Survey,” Proc. Fifth Int. Conf. Commun. Electron. Syst. (ICCES 2020), no. Icces, pp. 790–795, 2020.
S. Hosseinzadeh, “Closed hydroponic systems : operational parameters , root exudates occurrence and related water treatment,” Rev. Environ. Sci. Bio/Technology, 2017.
I. N. K. Wardana, N. N. K. Krisnawijaya, and I. W. A. Suranata, “Sub-1 GHz Wireless nodes performance evaluation for intelligent greenhouse system,” Telkomnika (Telecommunication Comput. Electron. Control., vol. 16, no. 6, pp. 2888–2895, 2018.
I. K. Agus, A. Aryanto, I. P. W. Prasetia, I. K. A. Wiguna, and I. M. P. Darma, “Arsitektur Serverless Internet of Things untuk Pencatatan Data Perangkat Microclimate Adjuster di Fasilitas Riset PRITA,” vol. 1, no. 2, pp. 10–16, 2021.
V. S. Kuncham and P. R. N.V, “Sensors for Managing Water Resources in Agriculture,” IOSR J. Electron. Commun. Eng., vol. 9, no. 2, pp. 145–163, 2014.
R. Akbar and M. Moghaddam, “A Combined Active – Passive Soil Moisture Estimation Algorithm With Adaptive Regularization in Support of SMAP,” vol. 53, no. 6, pp. 3312–3324, 2015.
M. V. Caya et al., “Capacitance-Based Soil Moisture Sensor for Irrigation Scheduling Application,” 2018 3rd Int. Conf. Comput. Commun. Syst., pp. 477–481, 2018.
J. Hrisko, “Capacitive Soil Moisture Sensor Theory, Calibration, and Testing,” no. 2, pp. 1–12, 2020.
K. Xu, Q. Sheng, X. Zhang, P. Li, and S. Chen, “Design and calibration of the unilateral sensitive soil moisture sensor,” IEEE Sens. J., vol. 15, no. 8, pp. 4587–4594, 2015.
M. J. W. Schubert et al., “Capacitive sensor technology for soil moisture monitoring networks,” ICECS 2017 - 24th IEEE Int. Conf. Electron. Circuits Syst., vol. 2018-Janua, pp. 190–193, 2018.
A. M. Ezhilazhahi and P. T. V. Bhuvaneswari, “IoT enabled plant soil moisture monitoring using wireless sensor networks,” Proc. 2017 3rd IEEE Int. Conf. Sensing, Signal Process. Secur. ICSSS 2017, pp. 345–349, 2017.
D. Aleixo and R. Pitarma, “Enhanced Hydroponic Agriculture Environmental Monitoring : An Internet of Things Approach,” pp. 658–669, 2019.
W. Is and S. Computing, “Understanding Serverless Computing,”, Maddie Stigler, pp. 1–14, 2018.
M. Sewak, “Winning in the era of Serverless Computing and Function as a Service,” pp. 1–5, 2018.
D. Hatanaka, A. Ahrary, and D. Ludena, “Research on Soil Moisture Measurement Using Moisture Sensor,” Proc. - 2015 IIAI 4th Int. Congr. Adv. Appl. Informatics, IIAI-AAI 2015, pp. 663–668, 2016.
A. Kumar, K. Kamal, M. O. Arshad, S. Mathavan, and T. Vadamala, “Smart irrigation using low-cost moisture sensors and XBee-based communication,” Proc. 4th IEEE Glob. Humanit. Technol. Conf. GHTC 2014, pp. 333–337, 2014.
P. Singh and S. Saikia, “Arduino-based smart irrigation using water flow sensor, soil moisture sensor, temperature sensor and ESP8266 WiFi module,” IEEE Reg. 10 Humanit. Technol. Conf. 2016, R10-HTC 2016 - Proc., 2017.
C. Hirsch, E. Bartocci, and R. Grosu, “Capacitive Soil Moisture Sensor Node for IoT in Agriculture and Home,” 2019 IEEE 23rd Int. Symp. Consum. Technol. ISCT 2019, pp. 97–102, 2019.
M. Tomar and T. Patidar, “Development of a low Cost Soil Moisture Sensor,” Proc. - Int. Conf. Vis. Towar. Emerg. Trends Commun. Networking, ViTECoN 2019, pp. 1–5, 2019.
M. Bahzar, M.H., Santosa, “Pengaruh Nutrisi dan Media Tanam Terhadap Pertumbuhan dan Hasil Tanaman Pakcoy (Brassica rapa L. var. chinensis) Dengan Sistem Hidroponik Sumbu,” vol. 6, no. 7, pp. 1273–1281, 2018.
Djaingsastro, Aulia Juanda., Sinaga, Hardiansyah., Sitorus Ranto Mangasi., “The Effect Of Cocopeat And Rice Husk Planting Media Hydroponically On The Growth Of Palm Oil In Pre Nursery,” vol. 7, no. 2, pp. 195–203, 2021.
Copyright (c) 2021 Jurnal RESTI (Rekayasa Sistem dan Teknologi Informasi)
This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License.
Hak cipta pada setiap artikel adalah milik penulis.
- Penulis mengakui bahwa Jurnal RESTI (Rekayasa Sistem dan Teknologi Informasi) sebagai publisher yang mempublikasikan pertama kali dengan lisensi Creative Commons Attribution 4.0 International License.
- Penulis dapat memasukan tulisan secara terpisah, mengatur distribusi non-ekskulif dari naskah yang telah terbit di jurnal ini kedalam versi yang lain (misal: dikirim ke respository institusi penulis, publikasi kedalam buku, dll), dengan mengakui bahwa naskah telah terbit pertama kali pada Jurnal RESTI (Rekayasa Sistem dan Teknologi Informasi) ;